About Lima

Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population approaching 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru, and the fifth largest city in the Americas (as defined by “city proper”).

Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes. It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today, around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area.

Lima is home to one of the oldest higher learning institutions in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551 during Spanish colonial regime, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas. Lima will host the 2019 Pan American Games. -Source by Wikipedia



Museo de la Nación

True, the Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú is more indelible in the hearts and minds of locals and visitors alike but Lima’s other national museum, the Museo de la Nación, is a triumph of pre-colonial Andean objects.

Convento de San Francisco

The Convento de San Francisco, or Saint Francis Monastery, is a venerable part of Lima’s UNESCO World Heritage Historic Centre. While the late 18th century architecture is significant, the real treasure is the incomparable convent library. A labyrinthine catacomb network links San Francisco with other landmarks in the old colonial quarter of the city.

Casa Pilatos

Lima unfurls a multitude of historic estates but few stack up to Casa Pilatos. The oldest house in the city was built in 1590 and is available for tours.

Museo de la Inquisición

The Peruvian Inquisition was a brutal period of oppression for thousands of marginalized people, from slaves of African descent to women, Jews to mestizos. From 1570 to 1820, the Church was judge, jury and executioner in Peru and, at the behest of the Spanish Crown, effectively ran the country. The Museo de la Inquisición was the headquarters of the Inquisition and commemorates the era in vivid fashion.

Iglesia de las Nazarenas

With innumerable beautiful churches to choose from in Lima, one can be forgiven for suffering from a bout of ecclesiastical overload. Do make time, however, for the Iglesia de las Nazarenas, the site of one of the country’s most zealous religious processions every October 18.

Fundacion Museo Amano

The national museums get a lot of play in Lima, deservedly so, but the private Fundacion Museo Amano‘s collection of pre-Columbian and, specifically, rare Chancay cultural objects is a standout. Make an appointment in advance for a one-hour private tour.

Cerro San Cristóbal

The dominant natural landmark to hover over the Historic Centre of Lima provides a remarkable view of the old city and the Acho bullring.

Convento de los Descalzos

The 18th century Convento de los Descalzos is one of the most indelible features of the Rímac district of Lima, which is otherwise overrun by pueblos jóvenes, or new shanty towns.

Basílica Catedral Metropolitana de Lima

Lima’s primary cathedral dates back to the early 16th century and, despite subsequent facelifts since, still evokes the embryonic colonial era. Home to many fine features of note, the tomb of Francisco Pizarro is perhaps the most auspicious.

Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú

If you can only make time for one museum while in Lima, the excellent National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History is the one. This is, after all, the museum of Peru and the Peruvian people and, as a result, tells the country’s extraordinary story with nonpareil dramatic flair. -Source by Rates To Go



  • Lima has brilliant sunshine from December to May, when humidity goes up to 70 percent. The year-round temperature is characterized by a spring-like mildness.
  • Because of the Humboldt Current, Lima is covered in fog seven months of the year. Lima gets very little rain throughout the year and the sky is almost always overcast.
  • Lima is home to the oldest higher learning institution in the New World, San Marcos University founded in 1551.
  • The historic center of Lima was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.