About Røros

Røros is a town and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Gauldalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Røros. Other villages include Brekken, Glåmos, Feragen, Galåa, and Hitterdalen.

The mining town of Røros is sometimes called Bergstaden which means “the mining town” due to its historical notoriety for copper mining. It is one of two towns in Norway that were historically designated “mining towns”, along with the “silver-town” of Kongsberg. The modern-day inhabitants of Røros still work and live in the characteristic 17th and 18th century buildings which have led to its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. Røros has about 80 wooden houses, most of them standing around courtyards. Many retain their dark pitch-log facades, giving the town a medieval appearance.

The 3.47-square-kilometre (1.34 sq mi) town of Røros has a population (2009) of 3,640. The population density of 1,049 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,720 /sq mi). The town is the administrative center of the municipality of Røros. There are also two churches in the town: Røros Church and Røros Chapel. Source by Wikipedia

History and culture

In the midst of the Røros region, lies the town of Røros which in 1980 was placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

The former mining town of Røros began to take form in 1646 when the first copper ore was extracted on the mountain plateau. Before that, there were only a few farms in the area.

Today, the small town of Røros is a living museum, and the entire town centre with its authentic wooden buildings is protected. At the same time, this is also a town in full use with a history still unfolding. As you explore Røros’ narrow streets, old courtyards and buildings, you will find an amazing number of charming shops and interesting workshops. The town is famous for its high concentration of artists and craftsmen, and it can also boast of an impressive list of award-winning designer products from Røros based companies.

When the mining started , there was already a southern Sami settlement in the region and today over 20 families in this Sami region are active with reindeer husbandry. The Sami are an indigenous people in Scandinavia.

Some of the farms and mountain villages in this region, all within the circumference of the copperworks, may seem like chapters from bygone times. The unusual cultural landscape has been formed by the agricultural traditions that have been closely incorporated into the entire region. One excellent example of magnificent cultural landscape is the mountain village of Vingelen with its 30 farms spread across a south-facing hillside and one of Norway’s very few, still active, summer farming areas where you will still see farm animals grazing in the summer. Source by Visit Norway

 

Attractions

Olavsgruva Mine

A tour of the Olavsgruva Mine takes you for a stroll through 300 years of mining history in Røros – 500 metres into the mountain and 50 metres below the surface.

Bergstadens Ziir

Combine the guided walking tour of Røros with a guided tour of the church. The church, which is called “Bergstadens Ziir”, was built “to the glory of God and to adorn the town” back in 1784. The Norwegian Directorate of Cultural Heritage considers it to be amongst the ten most important churches in Norway and it is also known as “the mountain cathedral”.

Smelthytta

The melting hut, “Smelthytta”, at Malmplassen was central to the community Røros, and from 1646 to 1953 this was where the copper ore was melted. When the copperworks were shut down, it became a museum. The main exhibition consists of working small-scale models portraying the melting process and copper production, showing waterwheels, lift mechanisms, horse-driven capstans and mine galleries.

Hiort-Engan Studiogalleri

One of the most multi-faceted local historical figures was no doubt Peder Hiort (1715-1789), church builder and theologian, historian and not the least, director of Røros Copperworks. At his country retreat at Engan, he planted a barouqe garden, the remains of which may still be enjoyed by visitors, and a small church built in 1765. At Hiort-Engan you may also visit the café and gallery in the straw bale house and see the workshop and art and crafts gallery in the octagonal tower. Smithy, baking oven and astronomical observatory.

The mountain village of Vingelen

This is one of the very few active traditional mountain farm villages of Norway. In summer, the local farmers move their live stocks up here according to old traditions. The cattle and sheep, as well as chickens and horses, enjoy the vibrantly green summer in the mountains. The village of Vingelen has a wealth of well-preserved wooden houses and buildings – 30 old farms spread out over a south-facing hillside. It is worth visiting this mountain community just to experience the atmosphere. There are almost 800 buildings here from before 1900. The mountain cheese factory, the scrap merchant’s house and the open mountain farm are some of the things you should not miss. Source by Visit Norway