Naturally, most people think of the lost city of Machu Picchu when they think of Peru. Discovered by an American explorer in 1910, this wonder of the ancient world is a stunning example of Incan technology and scenic architecture.
However, there is much more to Peru than Machu Picchu and there are traces of Incan and Spanish conquistador history all over the country. Combined with the marvelous scenery found in the country, Peru makes an exciting and interesting destination for many kinds of travelers, from those seeking adventure to those that just love history.
While the Incan ruins fascinate many tourists, Peru’s archeological wonders actually date back thousands of years and can be seen at Caral, the oldest city in the Americas, dating from 2000, BC. The religious center of Chavin represents the ancient northern cultures of Peru and was built around 327 BC. Chan Chan is the largest mud-brick citadel built before Spanish colonization and was built during the reign of the Chimu kingdom, 700 ‘ 1400 AD.
Meanwhile, those that like a little action with their history will be astounded by the country’s magnificent landscape and activities like mountain hiking, white water rafting, hang gliding, scuba diving and more, while admiring such sites as the Peruvian Andes, amazing waterfalls and its thousands of lakes and lagoons.
For getting around the country, domestic flights exist but are in a constant state of flux. Again, bus is the best way to get around the country, as it is the most popular method of transportation for both locals and tourists. However, tourists should always take care to be aware of their surroundings while traveling by bus and are advised to avoid overnight trips by bus.
Lima’s international airport is a major hub for South America, with many flights arriving from South, Central and North America, with a few from Europe as well. To reach the country over land, buses are often used in South American for long haul transportation by locals and tourists alike. There is a train connection between Chile and Peru, but this is not an option for travelers in a hurry. Find flights to Peru here.
There are a surprising number of hotels available throughout Peru, from five star hotels down to budget hotels and youth hostels. Those on a budget should be able to get by on about $25 per day, while those that wish to have a bit more comfort and eat out more frequently will need to count on about $50 per day. Find hotels in Peru here.